Like any tool if C.I.S.M. is used improperly or inappropriately harm could be caused to the recipients of the intervention. One of the easiest misadventures will be to apply the wrong intervention at the wrong time or to the wrong people. C.I.S.M. is an early intervention with techniques used in the hours and days following an emotionally straining event. It is predicated on an assessment of need in the target population, not the event that took place. Intervening too often or inappropriately could slow an individual’s recovery by making them resistant to subsequent offers of assistance.
Applying a technique intended for a group of people on an individual is outside the teachings of C.I.S.M. and is not only inappropriate but potentially harmful to that person.
C.I.S.M. is primarily a peer-based system of assistance. Group homogeneity is a core requirement for the interactive group interventions. Trust is a key element to effective assistance of both individuals and groups.